Volume 9, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 1-18
Fishing Boat Design Based Local Wisdom in Southeast Sulawesi Fishermen
Agus Wahyu Santoso, Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries of the Republic of Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Yopi Novita, Department of Fisheries Resource Utilization, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor, Indonesia
Budhi H. Iskandar, Department of Fisheries Resource Utilization, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor, Indonesia
Mulyono S. Baskoro, Department of Fisheries Resource Utilization, Bogor Agricultural Institute, Bogor, Indonesia
Received: Aug. 7, 2019;       Accepted: Sep. 5, 2019;       Published: May 19, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ajsea.20200901.11      View  11      Downloads  5
Abstract
Kendari is one of the cities in Southeast Sulawesi that has a potential for abundance of fish resources. That's why there are so many fisheries ships that will be allocated to the area. But the large number of refusal of the aid vessel needs to be carried out studies related to the design of aid ships that are in accordance with local wisdom so that the intended aid vessels can be accepted by fishermen. The objectives of this study are (1) To describe the existing conditions of the light fishing vessel fleet in Southeast Sulawesi (2) Estimate the level of stability of light fishing vessels in Southeast Sulawesi. The data was collected using a survey method by collecting observational and measurement data on the fishing vessel, the shape and main dimensions of the ship. The data processing used is numerical equations, then the data analysis was done using a numerical and descriptive comparison method. Maxsurf licensed software was used in this method. The feasibility of a ship's sea is reviewed by looking at its stability capability, motion resistance and rolling period. In the ship design group in Southeast Sulawesi, namely handline ships with light fishing, there are 3 parts, namely vessels with large, medium and small groups. Of the three groups, all bow-shaped high designs are raked bow landai which indicates that the shape of the ship there is uniform in terms of the height of the ship's bow. The design also has a different longitudinal cross section, namely double pointed for groups of vessels with small and transom for large and medium size. Based on the simulation results, the ship with a medium has the best stability value between the two types of large and small groups. Based on the ability of motion detainees, ships with a medium group size have the greatest value of resistance because for boats with handline fishing equipment do not require speed because of the type of passive fishing gear. Based on the rolling period value of ships with medium, large and small group having values according to requirements according to FAO, 1996, namely TR=4.5-7.0 seconds. The longitudinal strength in superior fishing boat design research can be convincing to recipient fishermen that fiberglass material already in accordance with the rules. The results of the study show that the Hand Line 5 GT ships were chosen by fishermen to be selected as aid vessels.
Keywords
Fishing Vessel Design, Local Wisdom Southeast Sulawesi
To cite this article
Agus Wahyu Santoso, Yopi Novita, Budhi H. Iskandar, Mulyono S. Baskoro, Fishing Boat Design Based Local Wisdom in Southeast Sulawesi Fishermen, American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications. Vol. 9, No. 1, 2020, pp. 1-18. doi: 10.11648/j.ajsea.20200901.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Tandipuang P. Novita Y, Iskandar BH. 2015. The suitability of INKAMINA 163 operational ship design is based at PPP Sadeng Yogyakarta. National Marine Journal. 10 (2): 103-112.
[2]
Rouf ARA, Novita Y. 2006. The study of the shape of fishing boat head in several regions in Indonesia. TORANI. 16 (4): 240-249.
[3]
Bangun TNC, Novita Y, Iskandar BH. 2017. Shape of a fishing boat's curved shape (less than 30 GT). Albacore. 1 (2): 127-137.
[4]
Fyson J. 1985. Design of Small Fishing Vessels. England: Fishing News Book.
[5]
Hardjono S. 2010. Identify the parameter ratios for FRP catamaran passenger ships. Indonesian Journal of Science and Technology. 12 (3): 159-165.
[6]
Zain J. 2010. Study of materials and construction of gill net fishing vessels in Dumai City, Riau Province. Periodical Fisheries Terubuk. 38 (1): 82-94.
[7]
Novita Y, Iskandar BH, Imron M, Nurdin HS. 2016. Design of modified purse seine vessels in Bulukumba Regency, South Sulawesi Province. Journal of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs. 6 (2): 125-136.
[8]
Eyres DJ. 2001. Ship Contruction: fifth edition. Oxford (UK): Butterworth-Heinemann.
[9]
Farhum SA. 2006. South Sulawesi pole and line operational stability and safety study on seas beam waves. Bogor (ID): Institut Pertanian Bogor.
[10]
Gillmer TC, B Johnson. 1982. Introduction to Naval Architecture. Maryland (US): Naval Institut Press.
[11]
Soegiono T, Sastrodiwangso, Sasongko B, Andrianto P, Soeweify, Moernadi E, Payappo A, Wartono M, Asianto, Sukotjo, Sastrowiyono K. 2006. Shipping Engineering Dictionary. Surabaya (ID): Airlangga University Press.
[12]
Kok HGM, Lonkhyusen EGV, Nierich FAC. 1983. Ship Building. Zundort (NL): Martech.
[13]
Pangalila FPT. 2010. Static stability of a flattered type of fish boat based at the Aertembaga Ocean Fisheries Port of the City of Bitung, North Sulawesi Province. Journal of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs. 6 (3): 149-155.
[14]
Derret DR, Barras B. 2006. Ship Stability for Master and Mates. 6th edition. London (UK): Elsevier Ltd.
[15]
Manopo AR, Masengi KWA, Pamikiran RDCh. 2012. Studies of the influence of the shape of the cascade on ring-boat detainees in Tumumpa, Bitung, and Molibagu (North Sulawesi Province). Journal of Fisheries Science and Technology.
[16]
Holtrop J. 1984. A statistical re-analysis of resistance and propulsion data. International Shipbuilding Progress. 31 (363): 272-276.
[17]
IMO International Martime Organization. 1995. Code on Intact Stability for All Types of Ships. London (GB): IMO.
[18]
Bhattacharya R. 1978. Dynamic of Marine Vehicles. New York (US): John Wiley and Son, Inc.
[19]
Fachrussyah. ZC, Eduart Wolok, Alfi SR Baruadi, Stella Junus. 2014. Design Characteristics of Katinting Fishing Boat in Gorontalo Province.
[20]
Guritno D, Irnawati R, Susanto A. 2016. Characteristics of the main dimensions of purse seine vessels in the Lempasing Coast Fishing Port of Lampung Province. Journal of Fisheries and Maritime Affairs. 6 (1): 21-30.
[21]
Palembang S, Luasunaung A, Pangalila FPT. 2013. Study on the design of a 13 GT multifunctional fiberglass fish boat in the shipyard CV Cipta Bahari Nusantara Minahasa, North Sulawesi. Journal of Capture Fisheries Science and Technology. 1 (3): 87-92.
[22]
Tangke U. 2010. Evaluation and development of pole and line design at the Port of Dufa-Dufa, North Maluku Province. Agribusiness and Fisheries Scientific Journal. 1 (2).
[23]
Wolok E, Baruadi ASR, Junus S, Fachrussyah ZC. 2016. Katinting Traditional Boat. Gorontalo (ID): Faculty of Fisheries and Marine Sciences, University of Gorontalo.
[24]
Azis MA, Iskandar BH, Novita Y. 2017. Ratio of main dimensions and static stability of traditional purse seine vessels in Pinrang Regency. Journal of Tropical Marine Science and technology. 9 (1): 19-28.
[25]
Nopandri R, Fauziyah, Rozirwan. 2011. The stability of the bottom gilnet vessels at the Sungailiat Archipelago Fishery Port, Bangka Belitung. Maspari Journal.
[26]
BPPT Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi. 2002. Dissemination of Conventional Technology for Fishing Boat Design in Cilacap. Suharbiyanto RB, editor. Jakarta (ID): BPPT.
[27]
Ayodhyoa. 1972. Fishing Boat. Bogor (ID). Bogor Agricultural Institute.
[28]
Novita Y, Iskandar BH. 2008. The relationship between the shape of a ship's model boat and its motion detector. Newsletters PSP. 17 (3): 315-324.
[29]
Santara A, Purwangka F, Iskandar BH. 2014. Work safety equipment on slerek boats in PPN Pengambengan, Jembrana Regency, Bali. PSP Science and Technology Journal. 1 (1): 53-68.
[30]
Yaakob O, Lee TE, Wai LY, King KK. 2005 Design of Malaysian fishing vessel for minimum resistance. Jurnal teknologi. 42 (A): 1-12.
[31]
Susanto A, Iskandar BH, Imron M. 2011. Evaluation of the design and stability of fishing vessels in Palabuhanratu (case study of PSP 01). Marine Fisheries. 2 (2): 213-221.
[32]
Susanto A. 2010. Evaluation of the design and stability of fishing vessels in Palabuhanratu (case study ship PSP 01) [thesis]. Bogor (ID): Bogor Agricultural University.
[33]
Paroka D. 2018. Geometry characteristics and their influence on the stability of Indonesian ro-ro ferries. Ship. 15 (1): 1-8.
[34]
Novita Y, Martiyani N, Ariyani RE. 2014. The quality of the stability of the Palangkratu Payang ship is based on the distribution of the cargo. PSP Science and Technology Journal.
[35]
Daud SA, Sianturi, Permana SM. 2013. Analysis of the stability of the operational design of a 20 GT fishing boat in Palabuhanratu. National Marine Journal.
[36]
Dariansyah MR. 2018. The suitability of the fishing boat head forms is based on the group of fishing gear operation methods. Bogor Agricultural Institute.
Browse journals by subject