American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications

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Parametric Patternmaking of Shoe Last Bottom Based on AutoCAD for Mass Customization

Received: 24 August 2022    Accepted: 29 August 2022    Published: 31 August 2022
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Abstract

To solve the conflict between the low production efficiency of shoe patternmaking in the footwear industry and the increasing requirement for customization of shoe goods, this paper aims to explore a parametric patternmaking technology to promote the efficiency of patternmaking for customization of female leather shoe last. Through an experimental study, a parametric patternmaking model of the shoe last bottom has been established based on the parametric drawing function in AutoCAD. In this patternmaking model, the flat geometric shape of the shoe last bottom has been modelled through the tool of graphic constraint in AutoCAD, while the essential measures and their proportions have been parameterized by the tool of dimensional constraint. A series of tests to this parametric patternmaking model demonstrated that the original model can be modified in shape and dimensions automatically and quickly according to changes in parameters’ values controlled by foot sizes. Depending on the results of this study it can be concluded that parametric drawing technology can be employed to create various patterns of the shoe last bottom for customization of shoes’ patternmaking to meet various individual requirements with relatively high efficiency. The achievement of this study can also be employed in the patternmaking of the shoe upper and even other kinds of products for customization.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12
Published in American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications (Volume 11, Issue 1, June 2022)
Page(s) 12-21
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Mass Customisation, Shoe Last, Patternmaking, AutoCAD, Parametric Design

References
[1] Autodesk, 2014. AutoCAD 2014 Product Help, San Rafael: s.n. pp. 579-587.
[2] Choklat, A., 2012. Footwear Design. London: Laurence King Publishing Ltd. pp. 100-107.
[3] Denkena, B. & Scherger, S., 2005. A Concept for Shoe Last Manufacturing in Mass Customisation. CIRP Annals, 54 (1), pp. 341-344.
[4] Gao, S., 2010. Principle of last design. Beijing: China Light Industry Press Ltd.
[5] Hu, J., Shen, H., Zeng, S. & Wang, Y., 2006. B-spline tool offset of a free-form curve in the shoe last high-speed machining CNC system. Int J Adv Manuf Technol, Volume 30, p. 864–869.
[6] ISO 19408, 2022. Footwear. Sizing. Vocabulary and terminology. s.l.: International Organization for Standardization.
[7] Jaffe, H. & Relis, N., 2012. DIaping for fash~ond esign. 5th ed. New York: Peason Prentice Hal.
[8] Jimeno-Morenilla, A., García-Rodriguez, J., Sergio Orts-Escolano & Davia-Aracil, M., 2013. 3D-based reconstruction using growing neural gas landmark: application to rapid prototyping in shoe last manufacturing. Int J Adv Manuf Technol, Volume 69, p. 657–668.
[9] Lai, M.-Y. & Wang, L.-L., 2008. Automatic shoe-pattern boundary extraction by image-processing techniques. Robotics and Computer-Integrated Manufacturing, Volume 24, p. 217–227.
[10] Luximon, A., Goonetilleke, R. S. & Tsui, K. L., 2003. Foot landmarking for footwear customization. Ergonomics, 46 (4), pp. 364-383.
[11] Ma, X. & Luximon, A., 2013. Design and manufacture of shoe lasts. In: A. Luximon, ed. Handbook of footwear design and manufacture. Oxford, Cambridge, Philadelphia, New Delhi: Woodhead Publishing Limited, pp. 177-196.
[12] Morling, K. & Danjou, S., 2022. Geometric and Engineering Drawing. 4th ed. London and New York: Routledge.
[13] Omura, G. & Benton, B. C., 2013. Mastering AutoCAD® 2014 and AutoCAD LT® 2014. Indiana: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. pp. 571-572.
[14] Pine II, B. J., 1993. Mass Customization: The New Frontier in Business Competition. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business School Press.
[15] Rhino, 2005. Shoe Design and Visualization. s.l.: The Institute of Biomechanics of Valencia and Robert McNeel & Associates.
[16] Roma, A. D., 2017. Footwear Design. The paradox of "tailored shoe" in the contemporary digital manufacturing systems. The Design Journal, pp. S2689-S2699.
[17] Shariff, S. M., Merican, A. F. & Shariff, A. A., 2019. Development of new shoe-sizing system for Malaysian women using 3D foot scanning technology. Measurement, Volume 140, p. 182–184.
[18] Shoben, M. & Ward, J., 2011. Pattern cutting and making up: the professional approach. Revised ed. London and New York: Routledge. pp. 18, 205.
[19] Thornton, J. H., 1964. Textbook of Footwear Manufacture. London: The National Trade Press LTD.
[20] Wang, J., Zhang, H., Lu, G. & Liu, Z., 2011. Rapid parametric design methods for shoe-last customization. Int J Adv Manuf Technol, Volume 54, p. 173–186.
[21] Xiong, S., Zhao, J. & Jiang, Z., 2010. A computer-aided design system for foot-feature-based shoe last customization. Int J Adv Manuf Technol, Volume 46, pp. 11-19.
[22] Xiu, Y. & Wan, Z.-K., 2013. A survey on pattern-making technologies in Garment CAD. IEEE Conference Anthology, pp. 1-6.
[23] Yang, Y., Zhang, W. & Shan, C., 2007. Investigating the development of digital patterns for customized apparel. International Journal of Clothing Science and Technology, pp. 167-177.
[24] Zhang, Y. & Luximon, A., 2013. Handbook of footwear design and manufacture. Oxford, Cambridge, Philadelphia, New Delhi: Woodhead Publishing Limited. p. 187, 201, 203-204.
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  • APA Style

    Gaopeng Zhang, Mingyuan Zhong, Yu Shi, Wei Wang, Yuping Wang, et al. (2022). Parametric Patternmaking of Shoe Last Bottom Based on AutoCAD for Mass Customization. American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications, 11(1), 12-21. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12

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    ACS Style

    Gaopeng Zhang; Mingyuan Zhong; Yu Shi; Wei Wang; Yuping Wang, et al. Parametric Patternmaking of Shoe Last Bottom Based on AutoCAD for Mass Customization. Am. J. Softw. Eng. Appl. 2022, 11(1), 12-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12

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    AMA Style

    Gaopeng Zhang, Mingyuan Zhong, Yu Shi, Wei Wang, Yuping Wang, et al. Parametric Patternmaking of Shoe Last Bottom Based on AutoCAD for Mass Customization. Am J Softw Eng Appl. 2022;11(1):12-21. doi: 10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12,
      author = {Gaopeng Zhang and Mingyuan Zhong and Yu Shi and Wei Wang and Yuping Wang and Xiaorui Wang},
      title = {Parametric Patternmaking of Shoe Last Bottom Based on AutoCAD for Mass Customization},
      journal = {American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications},
      volume = {11},
      number = {1},
      pages = {12-21},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajsea.20221101.12},
      abstract = {To solve the conflict between the low production efficiency of shoe patternmaking in the footwear industry and the increasing requirement for customization of shoe goods, this paper aims to explore a parametric patternmaking technology to promote the efficiency of patternmaking for customization of female leather shoe last. Through an experimental study, a parametric patternmaking model of the shoe last bottom has been established based on the parametric drawing function in AutoCAD. In this patternmaking model, the flat geometric shape of the shoe last bottom has been modelled through the tool of graphic constraint in AutoCAD, while the essential measures and their proportions have been parameterized by the tool of dimensional constraint. A series of tests to this parametric patternmaking model demonstrated that the original model can be modified in shape and dimensions automatically and quickly according to changes in parameters’ values controlled by foot sizes. Depending on the results of this study it can be concluded that parametric drawing technology can be employed to create various patterns of the shoe last bottom for customization of shoes’ patternmaking to meet various individual requirements with relatively high efficiency. The achievement of this study can also be employed in the patternmaking of the shoe upper and even other kinds of products for customization.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Parametric Patternmaking of Shoe Last Bottom Based on AutoCAD for Mass Customization
    AU  - Gaopeng Zhang
    AU  - Mingyuan Zhong
    AU  - Yu Shi
    AU  - Wei Wang
    AU  - Yuping Wang
    AU  - Xiaorui Wang
    Y1  - 2022/08/31
    PY  - 2022
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12
    T2  - American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications
    JF  - American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications
    JO  - American Journal of Software Engineering and Applications
    SP  - 12
    EP  - 21
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2327-249X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajsea.20221101.12
    AB  - To solve the conflict between the low production efficiency of shoe patternmaking in the footwear industry and the increasing requirement for customization of shoe goods, this paper aims to explore a parametric patternmaking technology to promote the efficiency of patternmaking for customization of female leather shoe last. Through an experimental study, a parametric patternmaking model of the shoe last bottom has been established based on the parametric drawing function in AutoCAD. In this patternmaking model, the flat geometric shape of the shoe last bottom has been modelled through the tool of graphic constraint in AutoCAD, while the essential measures and their proportions have been parameterized by the tool of dimensional constraint. A series of tests to this parametric patternmaking model demonstrated that the original model can be modified in shape and dimensions automatically and quickly according to changes in parameters’ values controlled by foot sizes. Depending on the results of this study it can be concluded that parametric drawing technology can be employed to create various patterns of the shoe last bottom for customization of shoes’ patternmaking to meet various individual requirements with relatively high efficiency. The achievement of this study can also be employed in the patternmaking of the shoe upper and even other kinds of products for customization.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu, China; Research Institutes of Leather and Footwear Industry of Wenzhou, Wenzhou, China; College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

  • College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

  • Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu, China; Research Institutes of Leather and Footwear Industry of Wenzhou, Wenzhou, China; College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

  • Key Laboratory of Leather Chemistry and Engineering (Sichuan University), Ministry of Education, Chengdu, China; Research Institutes of Leather and Footwear Industry of Wenzhou, Wenzhou, China; College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

  • College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

  • College of Biomass Science and Engineering, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China

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